By Nicholas Rowe,

February 07, 2024

Technical SEO Checklist: Key Steps to Boost Your Website’s Visibility

Technical SEO is the backbone of your website’s performance in the digital universe. Think of it as the essential groundwork that makes sure search engines can find, understand, and favour your site. We’re here to demystify technical SEO, guiding you through the steps to make your website shine in search engine results.

I. What Is Technical SEO?

At its core, technical SEO is about fine-tuning the technical aspects of your website to improve its ranking in search engine results. It’s akin to tuning an engine for optimal performance; every adjustment, no matter how small, can significantly impact how well your site runs in the vast digital landscape.

II. Why Is Technical SEO Important?

Imagine launching a rocket without checking its engineering schematics. Technical SEO is much the same. Without it, your site might not launch as intended in the search results. It ensures that search engines can effortlessly crawl and index your website, enhancing the user experience and, by extension, your site’s rankability.

III. Technical SEO Checklist

Website Foundation

  • Mobile-Friendly Design: Ensure the website is responsive and performs well across all devices.
  • SSL Certificate: Secure your site with HTTPS to protect user data and improve trustworthiness.
  • XML Sitemap: Create and submit an XML sitemap to search engines to facilitate content indexing.
  • Robots.txt: Configure the robots.txt file to guide search engine crawlers on which pages to index or ignore.

Site Performance

  • Page Speed Optimisation: Utilise tools like Google PageSpeed Insights to improve loading times.
  • Image Optimisation: Compress images and use appropriate formats without sacrificing quality.
  • Browser Caching: Implement browser caching to reduce load times for repeat visitors.
  • Minify CSS, JavaScript, and HTML: Reduce file sizes to speed up page loading.

Content and Structure

  • Canonical Tags: Use canonical tags to avoid duplicate content issues.
  • Structured Data Markup (Schema): Implement schema markup to enhance SERP displays with rich snippets.
  • Header Tags Optimisation: Structure content with proper use of H1, H2, H3 tags for readability and SEO.
  • Clean URL Structure: Ensure URLs are readable, concise, and keyword-relevant.

Accessibility and Indexing

  • 404 Error Pages: Customise 404 pages to guide users back to relevant content.
  • Redirects: Use 301 redirects to manage content moved or deleted pages properly.
  • Internal Linking: Strategically link to relevant internal pages to distribute page authority and aid navigation.
  • External Linking: Check external links regularly and use the “nofollow” attribute for untrusted or paid links.

Security and Compliance

  • Regular Software Updates: Keep CMS, plugins, and themes up-to-date for security and performance.
  • Site Security Measures: Implement additional security measures like firewalls and security plugins.
  • Data Privacy Compliance: Ensure compliance with GDPR, CCPA, and other data protection regulations.

Advanced Technical SEO

  • Mobile Usability: Optimise for mobile usability, ensuring elements are easily clickable and content is readable without zooming.
  • Site Architecture and Navigation: Design a logical site hierarchy and intuitive navigation to improve user experience and crawlability.
  • Hreflang Tags for Multilingual Sites: Use hreflang tags to target multiple languages or regions appropriately.
  • Page Experience Signals: Optimise for Core Web Vitals and other user experience signals.
  • HTTP Status Codes Monitoring: Regularly check for crawl errors and fix any server-side issues.
  • SEO Audits and Monitoring: Conduct regular SEO audits to identify and address emerging technical issues.

Continuous Improvement and Monitoring

  • Analytics and Search Console Monitoring: Use Google Analytics and Search Console to track performance and uncover issues.
  • Competitive Analysis: Regularly review competitors’ sites for new technical SEO strategies or trends.
  • Feedback and User Testing: Gather user feedback and conduct usability testing to identify areas for improvement.

Overall, this technical SEO checklist provides a solid foundation for improving a website’s search engine visibility and user experience. Regularly revisiting and updating this checklist as algorithms and best practices evolve is crucial for maintaining and enhancing your website’s performance in search engine results pages (SERPs).


Technical SEO might not be the most glamorous part of website management, but its importance cannot be overstated. Like the foundation of a house, it’s essential for everything else to stand strong. By following this checklist, you’re not just optimising your site for search engines; you’re enhancing the user experience for every visitor.

Discover more strategies, tips, and trends by exploring Saigon Digital‘s comprehensive blog series. Let’s navigate the digital landscape together, ensuring your site not only meets but exceeds modern SEO standards. Contact Saigon Digital today for expert guidance and tailored SEO solutions.


About the Author

Nicholas Rowe

Technical Director at Saigon Digital. I overlook all things techy and nerdy to make sure the delivery of all our projects run smoothly from a technical point of view. When I'm not staring at the computer screen, I can be found playing football for the famous Saigon Raiders.

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